ITI Conference in Cardiff – our bursary holders write:

Aidan English: Between the 18th and 20th of May this year the ITI held their biennial conference at the Mercure Hotel in Cardiff. This is my second year of affiliate membership of the ITI and I’ve been interested in getting to know the organisation better for some time. The offer of a YTI bursary toward the costs of the conference was just the encouragement I needed, so I put the terminology databases and MT to one side and I began to prepare for my jaunt to Wales to meet and talk to some like-minded humans!

Before I went I spent some time looking at the programme on the website to get an idea of what was going to happen. There were four main slots for talks each day, and at any one time there was a choice between four different conference rooms, so I wanted to read up on the literature for each talk before I chose my four out of the possible sixteen of the day. The rooms were all of different sizes ranging from the main conference hall where the larger talks, addresses from guest speakers and keynote talks were held, branching out to smaller venues for talks on more specialised subjects.

I arrived on the Thursday, the day before the conference proper to check out a workshop put on by SDL, and also to test the water a bit. I was pleased to find lots of translators and interpreters of various ages, nationalities and specialisms, all enthusiastic and keen to say hello. The enthusiasm seemed to even increase somewhat after the delegates moved to the bar for a warm up networking drink(!) I’m glad to say the Welsh contingent were great hosts and kept everybody interested and entertained.

The first full day had some very interesting talks; I won’t describe all of them but some of the highlights included a great talk by Tony Parr and Marcel Lemmens called “The mystery shopper strikes again”. This described an experiment to find what level of quality could be found from a translation project carried out by a translation provider found in the first few hits in a Google search. The results were surprisingly bad and I think the moral of the story is that if you have a reputation for quality, you should treasure it and make sure people know about it.

One of the keynote talks, by Robert Lane Green, deputy editor for books and arts at the Economist was fascinating. His subject was the internationalisation of language; there are now far more people than ever before who can communicate in a second language, and some languages, such as English and French are spoken more as second languages than they are as first languages, making them truly international.

As well as the longer talks, there were also TED-style talks, quick-fire half hour lectures. I heard a charismatic delivery by Richard Jarvis of a talk on the positive aspects of translation agencies called “Servants of the dark side”. It was a very interesting discussion on the transaction between freelancers and agencies. Obviously the agency takes some of the money, but what you get in return in terms of technical support and what the client gets in terms of quality guarantee may be worth more than that.

If anybody hasn’t been to the conference and is considering going to the next one which will be in 2019, I’d recommend it. Without a bit of effort put into networking, a freelancer’s work life can become quite isolated. The conference is in some ways similar to our local social gatherings in that it provides a way for people to get to know each other, but it is also more focused than that; it provides an opportunity to meet your fellow linguists in an environment in which important ideas about the profession get aired, and to talk about some of the issues that matter to you.

Adam Dewhirst: As an MA student just starting my career as a translator, I was very pleased to receive one of YTI’s bursaries for this year’s ITI Conference. On the train to Cardiff, my friend Emma and I were fortunate to meet other members of the YTI and the ITI East Midlands regional group, who gave us some useful advice on what not to miss at the event. After arriving in Cardiff and taking part in Andrew Leigh’s networking event, I quickly discovered that the conference was a fantastic opportunity to meet and learn from more experienced translators.

This year’s theme was ‘working our core: for a strong(er) translation and interpreting profession’ and I was impressed by the variety and quality of the presentations. During many of the sessions, speakers rightly emphasised the need to continue to improve our core translation skills and to collaborate with colleagues. I also enjoyed Dr Karen Tkaczyk’s session on editing scientific texts written by non-native English speakers. Karen talked us through the four stages in her approach to editing and shared some really useful ideas for pricing this kind of work.

As well as two full days of talks by experienced ITI members, I had been looking forward to listening to the keynote speakers. Lane Greene discussed the importance of English as a global language and Susie Dent’s fascinating talk explored some new entries in the dictionary and words which share origins, for example mortgage and mortuary or double and doubt. Both of these talks were greatly appreciated by a full room of linguists!

Overall, I really enjoyed the conference and I came away with lots of useful advice and ideas. Thank you to the YTI for the bursary!

Emma Tamlyn: As a complete newbie to the translation world, the ITI conference was an amazing way to get a feel for real life as a translator and to meet people who could share insights into what lies ahead for me and my fellow MA coursemates. Thanks to the networking session put on by YTI member Andrew Leigh on the Thursday, I was quickly able to get to know people (some of whom I already knew from Twitter!) and everyone was keen to offer advice to people just getting started.

To exploit a well-overused cliché, when it came to talks, we really were spoilt for choice. I’m loath to describe any one in particular as a ‘highlight’ as each session was rewarding and informative in its own way. That being said, as I’m still a student, I did find Joanna Druggan’s talk on Placing Ethics at the Core particularly interesting. What I really took from the hour or so for which she spoke was the necessity to explain and show the importance of translators and interpreters to students of all disciplines, particularly those training in public services, where linguists are so frequently undervalued. Any opportunity for collaboration with other sectors is great, but her suggestion seemed particularly worthwhile, and I hope it is an avenue that the fantastic Leeds course might explore.

Overall the weekend was very rewarding and I’d recommend attending the next one to everyone! Thanks to the YTI and Charlotte and Paul for the great opportunity.

Daniel Gonzalez: Last May I had the pleasure of attending the ITI Conference in Cardiff. I was lucky enough to get my name drawn out of the hat and receive one of the YTI bursaries, which was extremely helpful.

This was my second conference, after Newcastle, and I thoroughly enjoyed it. With it being the second one, I knew exactly what to expect, so I made the most out of every minute, from the extremely interesting sessions & fringe events to networking with fellow translators, etc.

I would say the venue was better this year and, apart from the elevators getting very crowded for some busy sessions upstairs, it was perfect.

The talks were fantastic and they had such a wide variety of topics on offer that there was something for everyone. The opening address by Nia Griffith set the right tone for a great conference, and The Mystery Shopper Strikes Again, by Tony Parr and Marcel Lemmens, was extremely eye-opening, showing a detailed overview of the current state of the translation industry.

As usual, YTI had one of the highest (if not the highest) number of delegates, and we even managed to squeeze in a quick coffee after lunch on the first day, which was great.

When you work on a profession like ours, it’s only too easy to feel isolated (unless you use a co-working space, which was, by the way, the topic of another interesting talk). That’s why it’s so fulfilling to attend events like this, where you feel part of a community, you meet like-minded people and you realise we are not alone.

YTI’s idea to give bursaries, both to first-time attendees and other members of the group at random, like me, was fantastic and I am sure that many members will immensely benefit from it in the future.

Boules in Harrogate – Lucile Jung writes:

On Saturday 13th May, YTI’s monthly social was a tad more dangerous than usual as we were made to (happily) throw metal balls around – well, more like in line, but that was not always doable. We spent about two hours playing balls, or rather boules – yes, it is a game coming from the French, as far back as the Middle Ages when they then used clay balls. In this game, you have to throw your boules, of about 600 to 700g each, to the closest position possible to the jack (unless you didn’t want your team to win.) Winning requires precision but also some mild aggressiveness. Because if you don’t manage to throw your ball close enough to the jack (“pointing”) but an opponent does, you have the option not to “point” but to “shoot” your ball on the opponent’s one to divert it. This is the essence of pétanque with the mythical phrase Tu tires ou tu pointes ? (“are you shooting or pointing?”) from one of Marcel Pagnol’s most famous films. We indeed soon discovered (some quicker than others) the sheer joy of managing to push an opponent’s boule which is standing too close to the jack. Or should I say coche, as the jack was introduced to us with this name by the members of the Harrogate Montpellier Pétanque Club (HMPC). As they explain on their website: “Coche is an English abbreviation of cochonnet (literally “piglet”). Use the expression in France and they’ll be very confused – coche has several meanings, including stagecoach, but none of them mean Jack.”

This website ( proves to be very informative, especially for Francophiles who would wish to play pétanque using proper French phrases such as:

·         bien joué  well played, good play
·         bien pointé  well pointed, good point
·         bien tiré  well shot, good shot
·         pas mal   not bad

I have also discovered many more expressions and customs related to the game, notably what happens when you get beaten 13-0. As the HMPC puts it, it’s called “being F*nnied, which is a little rude for Harrogate”. I will let more curious readers find out for themselves what F*nny refers to in that case – for French people who are not connoisseurs of pétanque, it only refers to a female first name and I would never have guessed what surprising custom that word hid!

Testimony of a participating boule:
“I have really enjoyed myself for two hours, even though I realised quite quickly that the person I had been paired with had never played before… That meant I ended up being thrown in all sorts of directions, even once out of the pitch! But all in all, I had quite some fun listening to the YTI members’ random conversations, there was a good atmosphere and they were a friendly bunch.

Cyrano at York Theatre Royal – Catherine Greensmith and Christine Knights write:

Catherine: A French literary classic with a twist. For a French audience used to the beauty and the poetry of the original text by Edmond Rostand the play may have come as a bit of a shock! This was very much a play adapted for an English audience, for a local audience in fact with the majority of the actors speaking with a strong Yorkshire accent! If the original text had been replaced by a vernacular dialogue full of expletives, there were however some interesting details such as the priest Le Bret speaking with an Irish accent. For me perhaps the most challenging factor was Roxanne’s obvious foreign accent. The pronunciation of the French names was also at times difficult to follow. For a linguist this was a little unfortunate!

It may be that the playwright, Deborah Mc Andrew, wanted to go back to the origins of Cyrano de Bergerac a libertine seventeen’s century author. The swashbuckle very lively interpretation would have perhaps benefited from a different title in order to avoid the usual expectations linked to the play.

An contemporary adaptation of the original – it certainly was ….
An unexpected experience – it certainly was….
A lively evening – it certainly was….
A  theatrical tour de force – it certainly was….
A boring evening it certainly wasn’t!!

Christine: The recent YTI trip to see Cyrano at the York Theatre Royal was a real treat. I always enjoy going to the theatre but it was fascinating to see a play based on a French classic in the company of our French colleagues. This particular version was written by Deborah McAndrew for the Northern Broadsides and the New Vic Theatre.

In summary, the play is a tale of unrequited love set in 17th century France. Cyrano de Bergerac, a brilliant poet and swordsman, is in love with his beautiful cousin Roxane. The tale ends in tragedy, but there are plenty of comedy exploits, songs, sword fights and acrobatics along the way.

The production was visually beautiful with effective scenery and lovely costumes. It was an extremely musical version of the story; actors who are also good musicians are always impressive and enjoyable to watch. There was a strong comedic element, with jokes about Cyrano’s big nose and exaggerated tales of his prowess as a swordsman. All this was good fun.

Also though, I have been surprised at how thought-provoking the production has been for me. One of the most enjoyable elements of the evening was discussing the play with French colleagues who have known it since their teens because their impression was so different from my own.  In Northern Broadsides productions, actors perform in their natural voices so Cyrano was basically an adaptation, a quirky mixture of a swashbuckling French past and current English language. I loved the moments that caught the Northern voice because for me this gave an extra comic dimension, and in places added emotional depth.

Cyrano is touring now, and even if you don’t fancy seeing it, I recommend having a look at to find out more about the company, Deborah McAndrew and this particular production.


Sustainability in technology-enhanced interpreting – Josie Worrall writes:

Saturday 25th March saw students and professional translators and interpreters alike assemble in the interpreting suite at Leeds University for a day of CPD in interpreting. The turnout was good, despite the tempting sunny weather outside, with a wide range of nationalities represented. The day was organised in two halves: the morning was an opportunity to hear veteran interpreter Martin Esposito discuss sustainability (or lack thereof) in the interpreting profession, followed by a practical session in the afternoon giving attendees the chance to interpret a variety of speeches in different languages using the university’s booths and some of Martin’s technology.

Having trained in interpreting five years ago, but worked solely as a translator ever since, I was curious to delve back into the glamorous world of interpreting and update my knowledge. The morning’s session was fascinating, offering a glimpse into the exciting career of a successful interpreter. The main message that I took away was however that interpreting as it stands, whether conference interpreting or interpreting on the private market, is somewhat unsustainable. Martin cited the difficulties that interpreters experience maintaining relationships when they are constantly travelling internationally, preserving their health (ear infections were mentioned frequently as the bane of an interpreter), maintaining their waistline and retaining clients in today’s price sensitive market – particularly when a non-native CEO decides to have a go at speaking in bad English rather than using their trusty interpreter.

Martin’s suggestion to combat the latter issue is to add value to the interpreting services you provide to the client, such as doing voice overs and translations for them, creating cloud-based glossaries for their use and even acting in a consulting capacity. In short, making yourself indispensable. In particular, though, he stressed the need for interpreters to be as self-sufficient and easy to work with as possible. After all, wouldn’t you rather work with a service provider who got on with the job and solved any issues themselves? In this vein, Martin discussed and demonstrated some pieces of technology that are a must have for an interpreter’s tool kit. Some were hardware, such as the smart pen that records a speech while you write notes and then plays it back when you select a section, and some were apps, such as an amplifier app to help in a situation where an interpreter cannot hear the speaker clearly. This was a recurring theme, and Martin showcased some different headphone and microphone options to facilitate an interpreter’s work in the most challenging audio situations. The bone conducting headphones, which sit a little in front of and above your ears, were particularly popular, with interpreters clamouring to try them out in the afternoon.

After taking full advantage of the scrummy catering provided by Opposite Café with plenty of time to natter as linguists are wont to do when they get together, we headed back to the interpreting suite for some practice. After so long out of the booth, I was rather nervous about getting back on the interpreting horse, particularly surrounded by so many aspiring and seasoned interpreters. While I am most certain that everyone else found the practice most useful, I have to admit that the experience (and the stress of trying to listen and speak simultaneously AND make some kind of sense at the same time) has not inspired me to leave translating behind. However, Raquel had prepared a wide variety of interesting speeches to practice with, and there was some very impressive interpreting going on into a whole range of languages.

In all, it was a thoroughly enjoyable day and fascinating to get an interpreter’s take on the language industry and its future. I would like to say a big thank you to our speaker Martin for giving up his Saturday to talk to us, and particularly to Raquel for organising the whole day, and, very importantly, the delicious food!

Roberto Fonseca in Leeds on 10 March – Raquel Madrid writes:


Proving to be one of our most popular social events, every YTI member who attended, did so with another non-member (Remember our socials are open for family and friends!).

We took our seats at the back row, from where we could enjoy a general overview of the whole Howard Assembly Room, which allowed us to follow the show in every detail.

The concert started very much as expected, with an interesting mix between jazz and Cuban music, which developed into what could be considered a proper salsa party. Roberto Fonseca and his Cuban/Spanish band played songs from their latest album, ABUC; which is Cuba spelt backwards, as Roberto himself pointed during the concert.

Songs like Tierra Sagrada and Afro Mambo got the public to their feet and many of them, including some of us, would have started dancing, if we had had our own stage. We also engaged with the singer, chanting in chorus, clapping to the rhythm, applauding even when we were not supposed to because the band was still playing.

Roberto Fonseca created since the beginning a very enjoyable atmosphere, engaging with the public, thanking a million times and apologising another million for his broken English. If only he had known there was a whole host of translators in the room!


Afternoon tea in York – Josie Worrall writes:

The Afternoon Tea in York was only the second YTI event that I have attended, and I was really looking forward to meeting more fellow translators and interpreters and sampling some delicious baked goods from around the world. The afternoon definitely did not disappoint! The historic venue was cosy and atmospheric, the perfect respite from the miserable wintery northern weather (I have been told that the weather is sometimes nice up here but I have yet to see convincing evidence!). There was plenty of space for mingling and munching, although it might have been a bit confined for our most junior attendee, a definite linguist in the making and expert cupcake baker!


YTI members really outdid themselves with their baking, and the range of delicious cakes, biscuits and savoury snacks on offer from different countries around the world was impressive. Very, very sadly, I was unable to taste most of the things on offer due to a dairy intolerance, but my partner came along to the event, dutifully and valiantly reporting on the vast majority (he didn’t take much convincing). The verdict? Delicious of course! I was very proud to see that my own contribution, chocolate and hazelnut French-inspired macarons, flew out of their tub, especially seeing as it was my first attempt and I was convinced they would be a disaster! In addition to the baked goods, hot drinks were also kindly provided – my favourite being a Russian caravan tea that was so strong I left feeling a bit light headed (tea drunk?!).


A good number of members and their family members put in an appearance, no doubt attracted by the promised treats. I am always amazed by anyone that can, saint-like, turn down the opportunity for cake. One member (naming no names) even told me she had been on a run in the morning to justify trying some of everything. The conversation was very varied and interesting, as to be expected from a group of such cosmopolitan language lovers as the likes of us. I had a whale of a time reminiscing about time spent studying and working in Russia in the snow and ice with a fellow Slavophile, and as expected met lots of lovely new faces. It was also great to see the YTI’s student members represented by a group from the Master’s course at Leeds University, who impressively managed to find time in their busy schedule of studies to attend.

Once again, the event was wonderfully organised, and I would like to thank Charlotte for all her hard work and everyone who helped set up and pack away at the end. Here’s to next year and expanding our waistbands in international style!

Corpora – Emma Tamlyn writes:

As a student member, and with the Corpora workshop being my first CPD event, I was a little unsure of what to expect during the session on 28th February, but I think it’s fair to say that everyone got a lot out of the session with Dr Ana Frankenburg-Garcia – a similar workshop to the one that she gave to the ITI last September, and one which was very popular!

The event took place in the ERIC computer cluster at the University of Leeds (a room that I, along with the other students who attended, am almost too familiar with!) and started with a quick check of the attendees language pairs.

After a general introduction to the world of corpora, Ana explained the four main types of corpus that can be of use to a translator or interpreter:

1) Parallel Corpora: these are corpora in which the source text and its translation are displayed in parallel (surprise surprise!) and are similar to Linguee, using, however, more principled and carefully selected texts. Some examples of parallel corpora are EurParl, using translated documents from the European Parliament and EUR-Lex, using translated documents from the European Court of Justice.

2) General Language Corpora: these are corpora which contain just one language, and can be used in a similar way to checking specific phrases in Google, but again, using more principled and carefully selected texts. Some examples that Ana provided were CREA for Spanish, DeReKo for German, and the British National Corpus for English. Ana did warn us that the BNC was created in the 90s so some of the information may be out of date – for example, ‘Internet’ barely features!

3) Specialised Corpora: these can be assembled using subject specific texts, and can help translators to get to grips with the specific terminology of a particular field.

4) Ad Hoc Corpora made for a specific translation or interpreting job: these can help a translator or interpreter to become quickly acquainted with the vocabulary that may be needed.

After some refreshments we returned to the computers for a demonstration of how to use Sketch Engine ( – there is a free trial avalible for anyone who is curious!), before having a go ourselves.

Ana showed us how to perform a concordance search to check which preposition should follow ‘married’, either with or to, and we were quickly able to see that in the context Ana had described, the answer was ‘married to’. We then moved on to collocations, and words that are associated with other words, the example that Ana gave was ‘opinion’, and which verbs are often used with the noun.

The collocations feature is also useful for finding synonyms once you’ve exhausted all that Word, or the internet has to offer, with Sketch Engine being able to provide you with a helpful word cloud!

We then explored some ready-made corpora, before creating our own using an EEA State of Europe Seas report, and were able to learn what MSFD stands for, and which verbs are often used with ‘seafloor’.

Ana suggested some other sites that may be worth checking out if you’re interested in corpora: AntCon and WordSmith Tools, and explained that Sketch Engine allows you to create as many corpora as you want and can even download them to your own machine. She assured us that she doesn’t work for Sketch Engine, and that she’s just a big fan of the site! After her fantastic workshop, I and many other attendees are now converts! Thanks for a great session Ana.

Winter walk – Emma Tamlyn writes:

On 14th January a good-sized group of members (including five student members from the University of Leeds and the University of Sheffield joining for our first YTI event!) descended (or more accurately, ascended) onto the moors for this year’s Winter Walk.

Our guide was Matt Young, who lives in the area and suggested the area surrounding Ribblehead, in the shadows of the three-peaks and the fantastic Ribblehead Viaduct. Having already been thoroughly wowed by the scenery on the train from Leeds, when my Univesity of Leeds colleagues and I got off at the lovely old-fashioned station at Ribblehead, we were already considering the day a success – but the views got even better…

The route started at the The Station Inn (very important for a country walk) and followed the railway line north as far as Blea Moor Sidings, where we turned left under the tracks and walked south west past Ivescar. We then stopped for lunch at some very conveniently placed picnic benches in Broadrake and it was fairly unanimously agreed that the magnificent viaduct coupled with the wild and natural landscape made for some of the best dining views.


After refuelling we set off again, heading south east by Ellerbeck Gill, before stopping for a second break at Chapel-le-Dale church, whose graveyard contains the bodies of the (many) navvies who died building the Settle-Carlisle railway. At this point a hip flask emerged from the pocket of one member of the party!

We then walked up the B6255 for about a quarter of a mile before taking several paths to Gunnerfleet Farm, where we saw one of the various types of sheep Matt had promised along the way.

The final stretch took us back and under Ribblehead Viaduct, and the opportunity to see all three ‘three peaks’ at the same time, Pen-y-ghent, Whernside and Ingleborough – there was (perhaps wishful) talk of organising a YTI Three Peaks attempt…

We finally finished back at The Station Inn where we were greeted (grumpily in the case of the owner) by an open fire and well-deserved drinks. The group of students stayed a bit longer waiting for the train, and the clear skies meant that we got a great view of the stars!

The weather was fresh and crisp and satisfyingly wintery but not so cold that anyone feared hypothermia, which is always a bonus. There was a fair amount of ice and snow about which, inevitably, led to some slapstick skids and slips but all members of the party returned with their bones intact…

Thanks Matt for organising the route, I’m already looking forward to the Summer Walk.

Christmas lunch in York, 17 December – Barbara Hull writes:

As a newcomer to YTI, I was a bit hesitant about joining the Christmas lunch in case everyone else knew everyone else already and just wanted to renew old acquaintances.  My concerns were totally unfounded!  I felt warmly welcomed and drawn in.

The venue was Barbakan, a Polish café in York; I must admit that Polish isn’t what normally springs to mind when contemplating a meal out but there I was, wrong again!  The main courses were excellent, succulent and sustaining, and the cakes were to die for!  Definitely worth a visit.

I was well impressed with Kerry and Charlottes’s organisational prowess in keeping track who had pre-ordered what, with the help of an Excel spreadsheet (is this a professional spill-over?) and the restaurant staff were great and everything ran smoothly.

The best part, of course, was the conversation which was eclectic, but always interesting and often downright useful.  We covered currency issues, concordances, curry recipes and so much more. As at most gatherings worth their salt there was an exchange of business cards and recipes.  If anyone else would like my recipe for Beorijch (Armenian black-eyed bean and nut stew) just let me know….. (

Pub quiz – Alison O’Neil writes:

A sizeable crowd attended YTI’s annual quiz at Brigantes on Friday 11th November, where Catherine Greensmith once again put our brains to the test.  The upstairs meeting room offered a comfortable space to mingle, although the historic staircase with its amusing variety of step heights and depths offered an additional challenge to the quiz and quite possibly put some of us off from drinking.

Catherine opened the quiz with twenty general knowledge questions ranging in difficulty, and heads were scratched or pens gnawed over the problem of which female musician released an album called “Music”, or what was the name of Long John Silver’s parrot.  My ignorance of the latter annoyed me so much I had to read the book straight away afterwards – so thank you Catherine for the motivation to get it off the list and actually read it!

Six teams of four or so competed, and in the first round the results were close with only three points between the leading and the trailing teams.  And then we broke for food, with a generous spread of sandwiches and other finger food, more drinks and a lot of chatter.

The second round was rather unusual, because Catherine had brought packs of savoury biscuits and cordials for all the teams to try and identify, and this caused some dispute – albeit (ahem) cordial.  Finally, the second round wrapped up with a dozen questions including multiple choice, true/false, and the nearest answer (or guess, in our case).

The results came in, and Los Paraguayos won and had first dibs of the tempting variety of prizes – each team member was able to pick one item, so there were no difficulties sharing the one bottle of wine.  The second placed teams, Avanti, also got prizes, and then the losing team, Ship(ley) of Fools, were given the final selection.  As a consequence of this prize arrangement, my team, the Pathetic Sharks, are seriously considering altering our tactics to aim for that losing position as we think we have a far better chance of that than winning!  It could be a heated battle between us, the Ship(ley)s and the Hillaries.

A vote of thanks was given to Catherine for her hard work yet again.  With her oversight this quiz looks set to run for years to come.